A stray Yankee shell hit the cabin porch just ft from where by 9-calendar year-previous George Washington Fields and his relatives viewed Union forces overpower Confederate troops at the plantation where the Fieldses were being enslaved, in Hanover County, Virginia, in 1863.
Fields’ mother saw her likelihood, and took it.
Martha Ann Fields collected her family’s meager belongings and fled with 6 of her small children, traveling 90 miles by foot, dugout canoe, wagon and barge to the protection of Union-held territory. She urged them on, repeating “Come on, youngsters.”
That’s the title of a newly released autobiography by George W. Fields, Course of 1890, who would go on to turn out to be Cornell Law School’s first Black American graduate. He was 1 of the to start with a few Black Americans to graduate from Cornell and the only formerly enslaved man or woman to get a degree from the college. (Whilst there ended up Black learners in the 1870s, most have been from Cuba and the Caribbean.)
The Legislation School will host a remarkable reenactment of the family’s escape to liberty, performed by a Fields descendant and a genealogical researcher, to rejoice the start of Fields’ autobiography. “Come on, Small children: The Autobiography of George Washington Fields, Born a Slave in Hanover County, Virginia,” was edited by Kevin Clermont, the Robert D. Ziff Professor of Legislation at Cornell Law College. The celebration, “Flight to Liberty: The Fields Family members and Freedom’s Fortress,” will choose area on Feb. 12, midday to 1 p.m., in Myron Taylor Hall.
“While it appeared like their company or self-dedication was minimal, they played an lively function in analyzing their life as a great deal as they could, even throughout enslavement and the Civil War,” stated Ajena Cason Rogers, Fields’ excellent-excellent-grand niece and a historic interpreter with the Countrywide Park Provider. Her relatives retained stories alive about George Fields’ brother, James, who escaped enslavement ahead of the spouse and children did and became a spy for the Union forces.
She hopes the efficiency will help men and women really feel the feeling of loved ones and religion that has been handed down to the descendants these days, she mentioned. “My grandmother would explain to us these tales as children to maintain us motivated to preserve striving. It was not that very long ago and all those points that happened are continue to affecting us now.”
Rogers and Drusilla Pair, a genealogical researcher specializing in the James Fields family, started making the theatrical art piece in 2012. “We needed to do some thing that was not just a PowerPoint lecture,” Pair claimed. They based the script on oral histories, paperwork including household bibles and grave markers, non secular music and the autobiography, which Fields wrote about 50 yrs just after the Civil War.
They and Clermont found Fields’ manuscript at about the identical time, right after owning researched Fields’ tale independently for several years. Separately, Pair and Clermont each found footnotes in other publications referencing the manuscript and tracked it down at the Hampton (Va.) History Museum.
Rogers reported the account is gripping. “I remember specifically sitting there reading and going, ‘Well, what comes about upcoming? How does he get away? How does he do it?’ And then, of study course he acquired away, or else I wouldn’t be sitting down listed here looking at it if he hadn’t,” Rogers said.
For Clermont, identifying the manuscript intended a breakthrough to the mystery of how Fields bought from staying an enslaved human being to applying to Cornell Law College 24 many years later. “And viewing that footnote that there was an unpublished autobiography, I imagined, ‘Oh, my gosh, I can response all these issues,’” Clermont reported.
The ebook is a transforming of Clermont’s earlier guide, “The Indomitable George Washington Fields: From Slave to Attorney,” printed in 2013.
In the autobiography, Fields describes how he noticed his mother whipped until eventually she collapsed for not cooking a game chicken to her mistress’s liking. As a young baby, he hoed corn and fetched drinking water for field slaves all working day together with developed men. He carried his sister, Catherine, who was far too youthful to wander, on their 90-mile journey to liberty.
Fields later on worked to assist his relatives and bought an great instruction at the Hampton Usual and Agricultural Institute, now known as Hampton College, started following the Civil War to offer schooling to freedmen. He went north and labored for almost a decade prior to earning his regulation degree at age 36.
Fields had planned on going to Yale University. But he labored for a time as a butler for Alonzo Cornell, Ezra Cornell’s eldest son and governor of New York, who certain him to go to Cornell – even nevertheless it did not still have a Legislation University. The autobiography finishes as Fields enters the inaugural course of the new Legislation Faculty, in 1887.
The new guide involves an editor’s note describing how Clermont took place upon Fields’ senior thesis at the Legislation School. Copious footnotes give track record details. One particular footnote describes how the fight at the plantation, Clermont’s research located, was component of a much larger Union exertion to wreck the intersecting railroads in Hanover County.
An epilogue describes Fields’ daily life just after graduating. “He was then a leading lawyer in Hampton, Virginia. You can just see that he was an excellent law firm,” Clermont mentioned.
Fields also grew to become a very well-recognized a neighborhood chief regardless of getting been blinded in a fishing incident. “But he overcame that as well,” Clermont explained. “This man – heroic is the only phrase for him. Most sizeable is this amazing courage he experienced, to hold likely and to conquer obstacles. In a feeling, it’s a fantastic message for the Law Faculty students.”
Pair too hopes people today will see that Fields’ tale can encourage us nowadays.
“The Fields family’s concern was overcoming slavery. But just about every human getting has something that they have to get over, a thing that is oppressing them, whether it is inside or external forces,” she claimed. “And the Fields took the option to overcome enslavement and not wait for anyone to give that chance to them. And we really should all do that with whatever we’re grappling with: Do anything about it.”