Immigration Surges to Major of Most Important Problem Listing

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Substantially more Us residents name immigration as the most critical challenge dealing with the U.S. (28%) than did a month in the past (20%). Immigration has now passed the government as the most frequently cited difficulty, soon after the two challenges tied for the top situation the past two months. The governing administration rated 1st every single thirty day period from January via November 2023.

In the hottest poll, 20% of Americans identify the governing administration as the most essential trouble, followed by the economy (12%) and inflation (11%). Immigration is the only situation that has proven meaningful change in the earlier thirty day period.


The newest final results are primarily based on a Feb. 1-20 Gallup survey. Immigration has ranked forward of all other challenges as the most critical problem right before, obtaining previous accomplished so five years back when there was a surge of tried border crossings by Central American migrants. Immigration also rated as the No. 1 difficulty in July and November 2018 and July 2014.

Gallup begun compiling mentions of immigration in 1981. The 28% now naming immigration as the most essential challenge basically ties the 27% reading from July 2019 as the optimum in Gallup’s craze.

The most up-to-date survey was done at a time when a bipartisan team of congressional senators achieved an settlement on an immigration reform proposal. The monthly bill finally failed to go a Senate vote, but it confronted an uncertain fate in the Republican-led Residence of Reps even if it experienced handed. The Household handed a more durable immigration bill in 2023 that the Democratic-led Senate has not taken up and President Joe Biden promised to veto.

The recent bipartisan negotiations took put in reaction to a file quantity of border crossings at the southern border in latest months, peaking at in excess of 300,000 in December. An influx of migrants in U.S. towns has also stressed social companies there.

Republicans generally are the subgroup most most likely to name immigration as the most important issue, and they are largely responsible for the enhance in mentions this thirty day period. At this time, 57% of Republicans, up from 37% in January, say immigration is the top rated trouble. Independents clearly show a modest uptick, from 16% in January to 22% now, even though there has been no significant alter amid Democrats (9% in January and 10% in February).

Inhabitants of the East (36%) and South (31%) are more possible to say immigration is the most important U.S. dilemma than are all those dwelling in the Midwest (25%) and West (22%). Southern people have commonly been most probably to regard immigration as the major challenge.

Much more See Illegal Immigration as a Important U.S. Threat

A different query in the study finds a record-high 55% of U.S. older people, up 8 details from previous calendar year, expressing that “large numbers of immigrants coming into the United States illegally” is a essential menace to U.S. very important pursuits. The prior superior was 50% in 2004.


The extensive the greater part of Republicans already believed illegal immigration was a vital danger 84% claimed so a yr in the past, but the percentage has now achieved 90%. A larger sized raise, from 40% to 54%, has been viewed between independents. Significantly less Democrats see unlawful immigration as a vital risk, but that percentage is up from 20% in 2023 to 29%.

Congressional Work Approval Dips

Perhaps similar to its unsuccessful efforts on immigration and a international aid package deal, Congress’ occupation approval ranking has fallen to 12%. This is the most affordable Congress’ acceptance ranking has been considering the fact that it was 11% in November 2015, whilst there have been various 13% readings in that period of time, including past Oct.

The all-time low looking through for Congress is 9%, registered in November 2013 immediately after a government shutdown in a dispute around funding the Inexpensive Care Act.


Congress’ position ranking has continuously been under 20% given that July — and in the present-day session, which began in January 2023, it has only achieved 21%. Republicans hold a narrow the greater part in the Residence of Representatives, while Democrats have a slender the greater part in the Senate. On Feb. 13, the Dwelling, by 1 vote, authorised impeachment article content versus Secretary of Homeland Stability Alejandro Mayorkas over his department’s failure to protected the U.S. border. That vote was the House’s 2nd endeavor to impeach Mayorkas following the first endeavor on Feb. 6 unsuccessful.

Fourteen p.c of Democrats, 12% of independents and 9% of Republicans approve of the job Congress is undertaking. Congressional acceptance has fallen meaningfully amongst independents in the past thirty day period, from 18%. Democrats’ and Republicans’ acceptance ratings are very similar to or the exact as in January (15% and 9%, respectively).

Financial Scores Inch Up Again

The February poll also integrated Gallup’s month-to-month update of Americans’ financial sentiments.

These assessments keep on being extra negative than positive but have grow to be considerably much less dour in modern months. At present, 26% of U.S. grownups describe current economic disorders as great or very good, whilst 32% say they are only reasonable and 41% inadequate. The bad score is down somewhat from 45% in January and has not been lessen given that January 2022, when it was 37%.

When questioned irrespective of whether the overall economy is finding better or worse, 32% say it is enhancing and 61% worsening. Nonetheless, the 32% who believe the overall economy is having improved is the optimum Gallup has calculated given that September 2021.

Gallup’s Economic Self-confidence Index, which summarizes latest financial evaluations and perceptions of no matter whether the economic system is improving, is -22, a nearly 20-issue advancement considering that October’s -41 examining. It is the highest the index has been given that September 2021, the month ahead of the inflation level surpassed 6%.


All celebration teams have been much more favourable about the economic climate since Oct, though the self confidence amounts nevertheless differ greatly amongst these teams. Since October, the index has elevated 24 factors among Democrats (from to +24), 14 factors amongst independents (from -43 to -29) and 9 details among Republicans (from -72 to -63).

Improved economic evaluations have carried out very little to brighten Americans’ over-all mood, as 19% are contented and 79% dissatisfied with the way points are going in the United States. These ratings have been really steady in new months, with fulfillment ranging between 18% and 22% considering that Could.

In the same way, Biden’s work approval ranking does not seem to be to be assisted by the economic system — 38% approve of the way he is managing his career. Biden’s functionality on the immigration situation could be retaining his over-all score down, as he gets a individual lower of 28% for his dealing with of immigration at the very same time that the concern has come to be additional salient to the general public.

Bottom Line

Even though several People regard the economy, typically, or inflation, especially, as the most vital issue struggling with the U.S., significantly far more name immigration. Immigration now sits by itself at the top of the most significant difficulty checklist, one thing it has completed only once in a while in Gallup’s development and not because 2019.

Though their financial assessments have improved, People in america continue to be largely dissatisfied with the point out of the country and the position federal leaders are carrying out.

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Find out extra about how the Gallup Poll Social Collection functions.

See full dilemma responses and trends (PDF download).


Sherri Crump

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